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    Synonyms: Advantose 100; Finetose; Finetose F; 4-O-a-D-glucopyranosyl-b-Dglucose; 4-(a-D-glucosido)-D-glucose; malt sugar; maltobiose; Maltodiose; Maltose HH; Maltose HHH; Sunmalt; Sunmalt S.

    Description: Maltose occurs as white crystals or as a crystalline powder. It is odorless and has a sweet taste approximately 30% that of sucrose.

    Chemical Name: 4-O-a-D-Glucopyranosyl-b-D-glucopyranose anhydrous 
    4-O-a-D-Glucopyranosyl-b-D-glucopyranose monohydrate

    Sweetening agent; tablet diluent.

    • Maltose is a disaccharide carbohydrate widely used in foods and pharmaceuticals.

    • In parenteral products, maltose may be used as a source of sugar, particularly for diabetic patients.

    • Crystalline maltose is used as a direct-compression tablet excipient in chewable and nonchewable tablets

    Maltose may react with oxidizing agents. A Maillard-type reaction may occur between maltose and compounds with a primary amine group, e.g. glycine, to form brown-colored products.

    Maltose is used in oral and parenteral pharmaceutical formulations and is generally regarded as an essentially nontoxic and nonirritant material. However, there has been a single report of a liver transplantation patient with renal failure who developed hyponatremia following intravenous infusion of normal immunoglobulin in 10% maltose. The effect, which recurred on each of four successive infusions, resembled that of hyperglycemia and was thought to be due to accumulation of maltose and other osmotically active metabolites in the extracellular fluid

    Observe normal precautions appropriate to the circumstances and quantity of material handled. Eye protection, rubber or plastic gloves, and a dust respirator are recommended. When heated to decomposition, maltose emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.

    Glucose, liquid.