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Hydrochloric Acid

    Synonyms: Acidum hydrochloridum concentratum; chlorohydric acid; concentrated hydrochloric acid; E507. 

    Description:Hydrochloric acid occurs as a clear, colorless, fuming aqueous solution of hydrogen chloride, with a pungent odor.

    Chemical Name: Hydrochloric acid

    • Hydrochloric acid is widely used as an acidifying agent, in a variety of pharmaceutical and food preparations.

    • It may also be used to prepare dilute hydrochloric acid, which in addition to its use as an excipient has some therapeutic use, intravenously in the management of metabolic alkalosis, and orally for the treatment of achlorhydria.

    Hydrochloric acid reacts violently with alkalis, with the evolution of a large amount of heat. Hydrochloric acid also reacts with many metals, liberating hydrogen.

    When used diluted, at low concentration, hydrochloric acid is not usually associated with any adverse effects. However, the concentrated solution is corrosive and can cause severe damage on contact with the eyes and skin, or if ingested.

    Caution should be exercised when handling hydrochloric acid, and suitable protection against inhalation and spillage should be taken. Eye protection, gloves, face mask, apron, and respirator are  recommended, depending on the circumstances and quantity of hydrochloric acid handled. Spillages should be diluted with copious amounts of water and run to waste. Splashes on the skin and eyes should be treated by immediate and prolonged washing with large amounts of water and medical attention should be sought. F

    Dilute hydrochloric acid.