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Disodium Hydrogen Citrate

    DAE Class; Rx

    Common Brand Names; Citralka

    • Other Drugs Acting on the Genito-Urinary System

    Disodium Hydrogen Citrate is a medicine that contains Disodium hydrogen citrate. It is mainly used for the treatment of urinary tract infections, painful or difficult urination, kidney stones, urinary acidosis and gout. Disodium Hydrogen Citrate works by removing excess uric acid from the blood through urine.

    Kidney stones

    • Kidney stones are a small, hard deposit of minerals and acid salts that stick together in concentrated urine. They can be painful when passing through the urinary tract, but usually do not cause permanent damage. The most common symptom is severe pain usually in the side of your abdomen, which is often associated with nausea. Disodium Hydrogen Citrate is used for the treatment of uric acid and calcium oxalate kidney stones. It is also used to dissolve kidney stones in people with renal tubular acidosis, a condition that occurs when the kidneys fail to remove acids into the urine.

    Urinary tract infection

    • Urinary tract infections are more common in women. These infections are observed in any part of the urinary system (kidneys, bladder or urethra). A bladder infection may cause pelvic pain, increased urge to urinate, pain with urination and blood in the urine. A kidney infection may cause back pain, nausea, vomiting and fever. Disodium Hydrogen Citrate makes the urine more alkaline and thereby helps to prevent bacterial growth and relieves the discomfort due to urinary tract infections.

    Painful urination

    • Painful urination is a condition in which there is discomfort while urinating. The most common cause of painful urination is swelling of the lower urinary tract that is caused by bacterial infections. Disodium Hydrogen Citrate helps to relieve painful or difficult urination by preventing bacterial growth.


    • Gout is a form of arthritis characterised by severe pain, redness and tenderness in joints. Pain and swelling occur when too much uric acid crystallises and deposits in your joints, most often in the big toe. Disodium Hydrogen Citrate reduces the levels of uric acid in your blood, prevents the formation of crystals at joints, thus it treats gout
    Hyperosmolar states, HTN, oedema.

    Mild diuresis, stomach cramps, flatulence, diarrhoea, GI ulceration, hypokalaemia, metabolic alkalosis, tiredness, dyspnoea, anxiety, mood swings.

    Hypocalcaemia, hypoventilatory states, alkalosis. Renal disease. Childn including neonates. Pregnancy and lactation.

    Usage in pregnancy?
    Disodium Hydrogen Citrate is not recommended for use during pregnancy as no sufficient data is available to understand its effect on the safety of your foetus. Your doctor prescribes this medicine only if possible benefits outweigh the risks.
    Usage while breast-feeding?
    Disodium Hydrogen Citrate is not recommended for use in breastfeeding women unless necessary since there is no exact data available to understand its effect on the safety of your infant. Discuss with your doctor all the risks and benefits associated with it before taking this medicine.

    Urine alkalinisation

    Adult: 15-30 mL bid-tid.
    Child: <7 yr 2 mL tid; 7-12 yr 5 mL tid.

    Disodium Hydrogen Citrate


    • 100ml